Environmental effects of consolidating farms

The biggest part of those 133 million hectares were passed to open pit mining enterprises and military structures. The figure of 763.5 million hectares is used to calculate the forestation (percentage of total country area covered by forests) for the Russian Federation at Clearly, though, Russia's vast forests are a natural resource of global importance, both ecologically and economically.The forests already serve Russia and the rest of the world as a source of timber, as a symbol for wilderness and as a critical stabiliser of the global climate.The worst decline in biological and landscape diversity has occurred in Northern Caucasia, in the Volga Region, in Central European Russia and in Southern Siberia.

This constitutes about 8% of global vascular plant flora, 7% of the mammal fauna and almost 8% of the bird fauna.Areas untouched by man are rarer than in the Republic of Karelia, but in comparison to Southern Finland, the Karelian Isthmus is a nature paradise.There are still considerable areas where human influence is slight, and many natural values are present, e.g.According to recent estimates by the World Resource Institute, about 26% of the world's last frontier forests are in Russia.Careless exploitation of Russian forests could hold back Russia's economic renewal, permanently degrading the local environment and destabilizing the global climate.

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